Transition Planning the BPA Way (India)

Blind People's Association (BPA), Ahmedabad, India

This powerpoint presentation by Vimal Thawani, Project Manager, provides an introduction to transition planning and includes case studies.

The following is based on the text and photos of the power point presentation:

Challenges for the planners

  • To initiate and develop result-oriented services
  • To expand services to reach a larger population
  • To develop sustainable programs

Development of services for VIMD (Visually Impaired with Multiple Disabilities) in Asian countries

  • Not evolved automatically or spontaneously
  • Imported skills and knowledge
  • Few services exist, and are mainly in urban areas
  • Programs are at different levels of complexity and sophistication
  • In some Asian countries there are no services yet started

Transition the BPA (Blind People's Association) way:

What is "Transition"?

A change from one setting to another, which presents unique challenges and can result in stress.  Transition planning is a process for easing this stress and to help in successful adjustment to new situations.  It is a process which includes individuals, families, teachers and other professionals concerned with the individual.

There are many kinds of transition, including:

  • from home to school
  • from one school situation to another
  • from school to vocational training
  • from vocational training to community

What do we consider when we plan?

  • Gather information on the child (personal, medical, family, educational)
  • Likes and dislikes
  • Aspirations and dreams
  • Strengths and limitations
  • Information on relationships

How do we collect information?   ......By mapping!

  • Dreams map
  • Relationships map
  • Places map
  • Background map
  • Preference map

From home to school for Pinali:

Photo of girl sitting on chair swing

  • Transfer of friendship:  from very close trusting early relationship with mother to service providers.
  • Change in service delivery, including the physical environment and teaching & learning methods
  • Identification of changing needs
  • Skill training

Transition from one school to another for Alay:

Photo of Alay

  • Preparation in primary skills
  • Assessment
  • Preparing parents
  • Negotiating with the school authorities
  • Orientation of physical environment of school for visually impaired
  • New friendships with other children and teachers
  • Intensive support of existing teachers
  • Gradual withdrawl of support until he was totally adjusted
  • Preparing transition portfolio
  • Submitting it to a new class teacher

Transition from school to vocational unit for Chitrang:

photo of Chitrang

  • 8 years of sustained intervention prior to this transition
  • Mapping of abilities
  • Survey of avenues in the workshop
  • Task analysis
  • Simulation of task in special centre
  • Familiarization with vocational environment
  • Safety measures
  • Confidence gathering of vocational staff
  • Hourly aided workshop placement

Transition to community for Rajesh:

Photo of Rajesh

  • Mapping of abilities
  • Inventory of resources
  • Skill enhancement through planned intervention
  • Simulation of work situation at home with active family help
  • Establishment of self-employment venture with full support of community

Keys to good transition:
  • It is not a one-day process
  • It is sustained and intensive
  • All players must be involved
  • If one idea does not work, try and try again
  • Family participation is a must
  • Do research. . . On programs, entitlements available like assured employment schemes in rural areas.

Existing facilities (India):

  • Central Government Schemes – Assured Employment for 100 days , District rural development Agency ( DRDA) for self employment to BPL families
  • State government Schemes – Sant Surdas yojna Rs. 600 monthly pension 
  • National Trust Schemes – Niramaya health insurance scheme , Samarth Respite care services , Udayan Prabha
  • Aarunam – For Marketing of products made by Nt Disabilities

Estimates of VIMD Population in India:

  • 1.98 % of the total population of India has a disability.
  • That is, there are 20 million disabled persons in India.
  • 10% of the above, that is 2 million, could be the conservative estimate of persons with VIMD.

Transition -- some final words:

  • Everybody experiences it.
  • It can be stressful.
  • Some transitions are sorted out by us on our own.
  • Our target group needs intervention.
  • Every transition leads to growth and progress.

For more information, contact:

Vastrapur, Ahmedabad-380 015
Phone: +91 79 263 03346; 263 05082



Attached File(s):