Blind People's Association (BPA), Ahmedabad, India
Challenges for the planners
- To initiate and develop result-oriented services
- To expand services to reach a larger population
- To develop sustainable programs
Development of services for VIMD (Visually Impaired with Multiple Disabilities) in Asian countries
- Not evolved automatically or spontaneously
- Imported skills and knowledge
- Few services exist, and are mainly in urban areas
- Programs are at different levels of complexity and sophistication
- In some Asian countries there are no services yet started
Transition the BPA (Blind People's Association) way:
What is "Transition"?
A change from one setting to another, which presents unique challenges and can result in stress. Transition planning is a process for easing this stress and to help in successful adjustment to new situations. It is a process which includes individuals, families, teachers and other professionals concerned with the individual.
There are many kinds of transition, including:
- from home to school
- from one school situation to another
- from school to vocational training
- from vocational training to community
What do we consider when we plan?
- Gather information on the child (personal, medical, family, educational)
- Likes and dislikes
- Aspirations and dreams
- Strengths and limitations
- Information on relationships
How do we collect information? ......By mapping!
- Dreams map
- Relationships map
- Places map
- Background map
- Preference map
From home to school for Pinali:
- Transfer of friendship: from very close trusting early relationship with mother to service providers.
- Change in service delivery, including the physical environment and teaching & learning methods
- Identification of changing needs
- Skill training
Transition from one school to another for Alay:
- Preparation in primary skills
- Preparing parents
- Negotiating with the school authorities
- Orientation of physical environment of school for visually impaired
- New friendships with other children and teachers
- Intensive support of existing teachers
- Gradual withdrawl of support until he was totally adjusted
- Preparing transition portfolio
- Submitting it to a new class teacher
Transition from school to vocational unit for Chitrang:
- 8 years of sustained intervention prior to this transition
- Mapping of abilities
- Survey of avenues in the workshop
- Task analysis
- Simulation of task in special centre
- Familiarization with vocational environment
- Safety measures
- Confidence gathering of vocational staff
- Hourly aided workshop placement
Transition to community for Rajesh:
- Mapping of abilities
- Inventory of resources
- Skill enhancement through planned intervention
- Simulation of work situation at home with active family help
- Establishment of self-employment venture with full support of community
Keys to good transition:
- It is not a one-day process
- It is sustained and intensive
- All players must be involved
- If one idea does not work, try and try again
- Family participation is a must
- Do research. . . On programs, entitlements available like assured employment schemes in rural areas.
Existing facilities (India):
- Central Government Schemes – Assured Employment for 100 days , District rural development Agency ( DRDA) for self employment to BPL families
- State government Schemes – Sant Surdas yojna Rs. 600 monthly pension
- National Trust Schemes – Niramaya health insurance scheme , Samarth Respite care services , Udayan Prabha
- Aarunam – For Marketing of products made by Nt Disabilities
Estimates of VIMD Population in India:
- 1.98 % of the total population of India has a disability.
- That is, there are 20 million disabled persons in India.
- 10% of the above, that is 2 million, could be the conservative estimate of persons with VIMD.
Transition -- some final words:
- Everybody experiences it.
- It can be stressful.
- Some transitions are sorted out by us on our own.
- Our target group needs intervention.
- Every transition leads to growth and progress.
For more information, contact: